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Wedding and Engagement Rings

The "4Cs"
Cut, Color, Clarity, and Carat-Weight.
It pays to be on top of things as the Best Man. One thing you may or may not need to know is diamonds. Chances are the groom has long since purchased the rock and so that, as they say is that. But to truly be The Best Man you should know some things. Also this can be good information to impress the little honey at the end of the bar.

Many people confuse cut with the shape of a diamond. Diamonds are cut into a number of shapes, depending on the nature of the rough stone. The most popular are round, marquis, oval, pear, heart and emerald, and the choice is largely a matter of personal preference. Whatever the shape, however, a well-cut diamond is the work of a master diamond cutter. When cut to proper proportions, the diamond is better able to refract light, creating more brilliance, and sparkle. It is the cut that enables the diamond to make the best use of light.

When a diamond is cut to good proportions, light is reflected from one facet to another and then dispersed through the top of the stone. If the cut of the diamond is too deep, some light escapes through the opposite side of the pavilion. If the cut is too shallow, light escapes through the pavilion before it can be reflected.

Diamonds are found with a range of color, from faint yellow or brown through to the very rare pinks, blues, greens and other colors known as "fancies." However, the best color for a diamond is no color. It is a totally colorless diamond that allows white light to pass effortlessly through it and be dispersed as rainbows of color. And to give a woman such a diamond is to show your true colors, as well.

Color grading scale from totally colorless to light yellow. The differences between one grade and another are very subtle, as can be seen by the number of grades within any one category.

Clarity (see side bar)
To determine a diamond's clarity, it is viewed under 10-power magnification by a trained eye. Most diamonds contain very tiny birthmarks known as inclusions. However, the fewer and smaller the inclusions are, the less likely it is that they will interfere with the passage of light through the diamond, and the more beautiful the diamond will be. Diamonds, more than any other gemstone, have the capability to produce the maximum amount of brilliance. A diamond that is free of both inclusions and surface blemishes is very rare and therefore very valuable. So, the clearer the diamond, the clearer your choice.

This is the weight of the diamond measured in carats. One carat is divided into 100 "points," so that a diamond of 75 points weighs .75 carats. Carat-weight is the easiest of the 4Cs to determine. But two diamonds of equal weight can have very unequal value, depending on their cut, color and clarity. Fine quality can be found in diamonds of all shapes and sizes. And a fine quality diamond is a little extra weight she'd be pleased to put on.

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